Petrochemical Refineries - HPCL vs BPCL

BPCL's Kochi Refinery and HPCL's Barmer Refinery, located in Kerala and Rajasthan, respectively, are poised to transform India's petrochemical landscape. With investments of Rs. 5,044 crore and ₹720 billion, these refineries aim to reduce import dependency, particularly for critical products. Kochi's polypropylene unit will produce a diverse range of products, cutting India's import bill by $400 million annually. Meanwhile, Barmer's 9 million-tonne capacity refinery focuses on gasoline, gasoil, and petrochemical feedstock to curb India's ₹950 billion annual petrochemical imports. Together, these projects signify India's commitment to self-sufficiency, economic growth, and energy security.


Dr. Pravin G. Kadam

1/1/20243 min read

India's quest for energy independence and self-sufficiency has led to significant investments in the petrochemical sector. Two major players, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), are set to make substantial contributions with their state-of-the-art refineries—BPCL's Kochi Refinery in Kerala and HPCL's Barmer Refinery in Rajasthan. In this blog post, we delve into the details of these projects, exploring their locations, investments, production capacities, product portfolios, and the potential impacts on India's economy.

BPCL's Kochi Refinery


Situated in the picturesque city of Kochi, Kerala, BPCL's Kochi Refinery stands as a testament to India's commitment to bolstering the petrochemical industry in the southern region.


BPCL has earmarked a significant investment of Rs. 5,044 crore for the establishment of a polypropylene unit at the Kochi refinery. This unit is poised to have a substantial production capacity of 400,000 tons per year.


The polypropylene unit at Kochi Refinery is designed to yield a diverse array of products, catering to industries such as paint, textiles, detergents, pulp & paper, coatings, printing inks, resins, sealants, pressure-sensitive tapes, plasticizers, adhesives, and solvents.


One of the key objectives of the Kochi Refinery project is to significantly reduce India's import bill by more than $400 million annually. Currently, the nation relies entirely on imports for certain products that will be manufactured by the new unit. This move aligns with India's broader strategy of reducing dependency on external sources for critical petrochemical products.

HPCL's Barmer Refinery


Nestled in the arid landscapes of Barmer, Rajasthan, HPCL's Barmer Refinery is poised to become a vital hub for petrochemical production in the northern and western region.


Initially estimated at ₹520 billion, the project cost for Barmer Refinery has witnessed an increase, now standing at a substantial ₹720 billion. This attests to the scale and ambition of the undertaking.


This complex has ~9 MMT refining capacity and includes ~2.4 MMT of petrochemical production capacity focused on Polypropylene (PP), Polyethylene (PE), and aromatics.


The refinery is strategically designed to produce a range of essential products, including gasoline, gasoil for retail sales, and liquefied petroleum gas and kerosene—serving as crucial feedstock for petrochemical manufacturing.


One of the primary goals of the Barmer Refinery project is to curtail India's annual petrochemical imports, which amounted to approximately ₹950 billion in 2022. By boosting domestic production, the refinery aims to contribute significantly to India's economic resilience and energy security.


The development of BPCL's Kochi Refinery and HPCL's Barmer Refinery marks a significant stride in India's journey toward energy self-sufficiency and reduced import dependency. These projects not only contribute to the growth of the domestic petrochemical industry but also align with the broader national goal of bolstering economic resilience and security.

As the Kochi Refinery in the southern part of the country and the Barmer Refinery in the north gear up for operation, they are poised to serve as beacons of progress, driving innovation, employment, and economic prosperity in their respective regions. The polypropylene unit in Kochi and the multi-product refinery in Barmer collectively represent a robust step forward in India's pursuit of a sustainable and self-reliant future in the petrochemical sector.

These refineries not only symbolize the prowess of India's oil and gas sector but also showcase the nation's commitment to harnessing its vast resources for the benefit of its people. As they commence operations, the impact of BPCL's Kochi Refinery and HPCL's Barmer Refinery is expected to ripple across industries, fostering growth and resilience in the Indian economy.

HP Refineries | Official Website of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, India